Pronouncing Early Modern English Latin

Somewhat related to the previous post, this one deals with as good of an attempt on pronouncing the Latin of Robert White’s “Lamentations” as possible. Since this piece was written in the late sixteenth century in England, its Latin should be colored a bit like Shakespeare’s pronunciation, but a little tamer (fewer distinctly English diphthongs than period English would use perhaps). Based on the Harold Copeman’s explanation of this era’s Latins in his 1990 book Singing in Latin, I made an IPA transcription of how the text of “Lamentations” would probably have originally been sung. It is reproduced below with a recording of myself speaking it (as best as I can).

HETH. Peccatum peccavit Hierusalem,
[hɛθ pʰɛˈkʰætʰʊm pʰɛˈkʰævɪtʰ ʤɛˈɾjuzalɛm]

propterea instabilis facta est: omnes qui
[prɔpˈtʰeɾɛa ɪnˈstæbɪlɪs fæktʰa ɛst ˈɔmnɛs kwi]

glorificabant eam spreverunt illam: quia
[ɡlɔɾɪfɪˈkʰæbant ˈeam spɾɛˈveɾʊntʰ ˈilam ˈkwia]

viderunt ignominiam eius: ipsa autem
[vɪˈdeɾʊnt ɪŋnɔˈminɪam ˈeʤʊs ˈɪpsa ˈɔtʰɛm]

gemens et conversa retrorsum.
[ˈʤemɛnz ɛtʰ kɔnˈvɛɾsa ɾɛˈtɾɔɾsʊm]

TETH. Sordes eius in pedibus eius:
[tʰɛθ ˈsɔɾdɛs ˈeʤʊs ɪn pʰedibʊs ˈeʤʊs]

nec recordata est finis sui. Deposita est
[nɛkʰ rɛkʰɔɾdætʰa ɛst finɪs sjuɪ dɛˈpʰozɪtʰa ɛst]

vehementer: non habens consolatorem.
[vehɛˈmɛntʰɛr nɔn ˈhæbɛnz kʰɔnsɔlaˈtʰoɾɛm]

Vide Domine afflictionem meam: quoniam
[ˈvidɛ ˈdɔmɪnɛ aflɪksiˈonɛm ˈmeam ˈkʰonɪam]

erectus est inimicus.
[ɛˈɾɛktʰʊs ɛst ɪnɪˈmikʰʊs]

IOD. Manum suam misit hostis ad omnia
[ʤoð ˈmænʊm ˈsjuam ˈmɪzɪtʰ ˈhostɪs að ˈɔmnɪa]

desiderabilia ejus, quia vidit gentes
[dɛzɪdɛɾaˈbilɪa ˈeʤʊsˌ kwia ˈvidɪtʰ ˈʤɛntɛz]

ingressas sanctuarium suum, de quibus
[ɪŋˈɡrɛsas saŋktjuˈæɾɪʊm ˈsjuʊm dɛ ˈkwibʊs]

præceperas ne intrarent in ecclesiam tuam.
[prɛˈsepɛɾas nɛ ɪnˈtræɾɛnt ɪn ɛˈkleziam ˈtjuam]

CAPH. Omnis populus ejus gemens, et
[kæf ˈɔmnɪs ˈpʰopʰʊlʊs ˈeʤʊs ʤemɛnz ɛtʰ]

quærens panem; dederunt pretiosa quæque
[ˈkweɾɛnz ˈpʰænɛm dɛˈdeɾʊntʰ prɛsiˈoza kwekwɛ]

pro cibo ad refocillandam animam. Vide,
[prɔ ˈsibɔ að rɛfosɪˈlændam ˈænɪmam ˈvidɛ]

Domine, et considera quoniam facta sum vilis!
[ˈdɔmɪnɛ ɛtʰ kʰɔnˈsidɛɾa ˈkʰonɪam ˈfækta sʊm ˈvilɪs]

LAMED. O vos omnes qui transitis per
[ˈlæmɛð o vɔz ˈɔmnɛs kwi tranˈsitɪs pɛɾ]

viam, attendite, et videte si est dolor sicut
[ˈviam aˈtʰɛndɪtʰɛ ɛtʰ vɪˈdetʰɛ si ɛst ˈdolɔɾ ˈsɪkʰʊtʰ]

dolor meus! quoniam vindemiavit me, ut
[ˈdolɔɾ ˈmeʊs ˈkʰoniam vɪndɛmɪˈævɪtʰ me ʊtʰ

locutus est Dominus, in die iræ furoris sui.
[lɔˈkjutʰʊs ɛst ˈdɔmɪnʊs ɪn ˈdiɛ ˈiɾɛ fʊˈɾɔɾɪs ˈsjuɪ]

MEM. De excelso misit ignem in ossibus
[mɛm de ɛkˈselso ˈmɪzɪtʰ ˈɪŋnɛm ɪn ˈɔsɪbʊs]

meis et erudivit me: expandit rete pedibus
[ˈmeɪs ɛtʰ ɛɾʊˈdivɪtʰ me ɛksˈpændɪtʰ retʰɛ ˈpʰedɪbʊs]

meis: convertit me retrorsum: posuit me
[meɪs kʰɔnˈvɛɾtʰɪtʰ me ɾɛˈtɾɔɾsʊm ˈpʰozjuɪtʰ me]

desolatam tota die maerore confectam.
[dɛzɔˈlætʰam ˈtʰotʰa ˈdiɛ mɛˈɾɔɾɛ kʰɔnˈfɛktam]

Hierusalem, convertere ad Dominum Deum tuum.
[ʤɛˈrjuzalɛm kʰɔnˈvɛɾtʰɛɾɛ að ˈdɔmɪnʊm ˈdeʊm ˈtjuʊm]

The title of the piece, by the way, would have probably been pronounced [læmɛnˈtʰæsɪənz]. My transcription is not authoritative, but from what evidence I can find, it is as close to the original pronunciation as I can envision.

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